Please add more about Elaeagnaceae here!
- Oleaster family
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Here is EcoReality's seed inventory for Elaeagnaceae:
|ID||common name||family||latin name||date||quantity||action||days to germ||propagation||days to maturity||habitat||sun||drainage||soil||inventory||notes||nutrients||needs||use|
|267||Autumn Olive; Autumn Berry, Silverberry, Aki-Gumi, Oleaster||Elaeagnaceae||Elaeagnus umbellata||Seed: sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. It should germinate in late winter or early spring, though it may take 18 months. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate, often taking more than 18 months. A warm stratification for 4 weeks followed by 12 weeks cold stratification can help. The seed usually (eventually) germinates quite well.
Layering: September/October. Takes 12 months.
Plants can fruit in 6 years from seed.An excellent companion plant, when grown in orchards it can increase yields from the fruit trees by up to 10%.
|full sun||well drained||poor||Fruit: edible raw or cooked. Juicy and pleasantly acid, they are tasty raw and can also be made into jams, preserves etc. The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw, if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent. The fruit contains about 8.3% sugars, 4.5% protein, 1% ash. The vitamin C content is about 12mg per 100g. Mature bushes in the wild yield about 650g of fruit over 2 - 3 pickings. The harvested fruit stores for about 15 days at room temperature. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter and contains a single large seed.
Seed: edible raw or cooked. It can be eaten with the fruit though the seed case is rather fibrous.
The seeds are used as a stimulant in the treatment of coughs.
The expressed oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of pulmonary affections.
The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.Very tolerant of maritime exposure, it makes a good informal hedge, succeeding even in very exposed positions. The plants make a reasonable wind-protecting screen, they are about as wide as they are tall. They make a good companion hedge, enriching the soil and fertilizing neighbouring plants. The wood is a good fuel.
|Antioxidants, Lycopene, Nitrogen, Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E||Astringent, Beverage, Cancer, Cardiac, Food, Fuel, Hedge, Pectoral, Stimulant|
|67||Sea Buckthorn||Elaeagnaceae||Hippophae rhamnoides||14||Scarify seeds and sow in warm, sandy soil. Germination is in 2 weeks or so -- a dependable and fun germinator. Space 10 or more feet apart.||20 each||Dioecious, spiny shrub to small tree. Native to temperate Europe and Asia. All zones. The tree, even when young and bush-like, is excellent in hedgerows and shelterbelts. The fruit juice is loaded with vitamins, amino acids and antioxidants; improves immune response. Oil of seeds is an effective sunblock.||Nitrogen||Food, Immunostimulant|
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- are sensitive to a particular nutrient
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