Radiation fallout plan

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Contents

Overview

This plan is for everyone residing at the EcoReality site.

There are four levels of radiological emergency defined:

  1. Radiological watch: there has been an event somewhere on the planet that could credibly cause fallout of radioactive contaminants on Salt Spring Island. This includes nuclear power plant melt down, atmospheric nuclear testing, or nuclear war.
    • The protocol for a radiological watch is to begin monitoring ionizing events using a Geiger-Müller counter and to monitor public health authorities and international news.
  2. Public warning could happen between our local readings.
  3. Light fallout event is defined as when the outdoor ionizing event count exceeds two times the root-mean-square average of the readings from the past two days.
    • The protocol for a light fallout event is defined in this document.
  4. Heavy fallout event is defined by any ionizing event count that corresponds to the level defined by Canadian health authorities as acutely dangerous.
    • The protocol for a heavy fallout event is to follow Canadian health authorities' recommendations for evacuation.

Light fallout concerns

A light fallout event is not an acute radioactivity health concern; there will be no immediate danger of imminent sickness or death at this level. Rather, the concern is the inhalation or ingestion of radioactive dust, which can have long-term health impacts, including cancer.

The following procedure is designed to minimize long-term health impacts on humans and animals and their food supply.

Procedure

  1. Preparation
    • Begin topical application of tincture of iodine, applying eight millilitres of 2% tincture to a patch of skin on your abdomen every 24 hours, or two hours before public warning of impending fallout.
    • Prepare the wash room for use as a cleanup area. Make sure the wash tub, washing machine, and shower are accessible.
    • Close the wash room internal door.
    • Locate and make available dust masks and outerwear.
    • Bring the Geiger-Müller counter to just outside the wash room for use in contamination detection.
    • Sequester all domestic animals. Goats will be locked into their shelter using cattle panels. Chickens will be locked inside their coop.
    • Close greenhouse ventilation.
    • Close all windows in the house.
    • Have 50 litres of water on-hand.
    • Have a week's food supply on-hand.
  2. Routine
    • Wear a dust mask and cover as much exposed skin as possible whenever outside.
    • Enter and exit through the wash room only.
    • When outside, wear outer clothing that can be easily and quickly removed and "hosed down."
    • Animal feed and water is to be taken only from closed areas and closed containers.
    • Keep animal feed and water covered during transport.
    • Procedure on entry:
      1. To avoid contamination of the Geiger-Müller counter, have someone "clean" from inside the house go over you with the counter. Do not allow the counter to contact anything that may be contaminated.
      2. Any "hot" clothing (hat, gloves, mask) should be immediately put into the washer.
      3. If any "hot" clothing is detected, the person entering should immediately use the shower.
      4. After this decontamination procedure, re-check the person and the area for contamination. Spot-clean any local contamination with clean rags, which immediately go into the wash with the contaminated clothing. Do not re-use rags without laundering.
      5. Do not open the interior door until the wash room is "clean."
    • Do not harvest nor eat any plants that did not come from the sealed greenhouse or the grocery store.
    • If domestic animals have not been sequestered, do not eat any of their food products.

More information

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