Please add more about Solanaceae here!
- Potato family
For more information
Here is EcoReality's seed inventory for Solanaceae:
|ID||common name||family||latin name||date||quantity||action||days to germ||propagation||days to maturity||habitat||sun||drainage||soil||inventory||notes||nutrients||needs||use|
|15||Ashwagandha||Solanaceae||Withania somnifera||2012-03-30 00:00:00||120 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||15||Light dependent germinator. Sow in early spring indoors or in the greenhouse. Average germ time 15 days. Space 1 foot apart.||Plant prefers full sun, fast-draining, alkaline (pH 7.5 to 8.0) soil and dryish conditions. Sweeten regular garden soil with ground limestone. Grows 2 to 3 feet tall, producing eventually the lantern-like pods enclosing the pea-sized fruits, green at first and becoming bright red as the inflated calyx dries and becomes transparent.||well drained||Hardiness: to 15 degrees F but quite intolerant of moist soils in winter.
The plant is an evergreen woody shrub in the tropics and hot desert areas, and acts like an herbaceous perennial in temperate zone 8 and warmer. Native to Africa, an ecotype with large leaves and very fast growth.In native medicine, dried root is considered a sexual tonic.
|266||Goji; Wolfberry; Chinese Matrimony Vine; Box Thorn||Solanaceae||Lycium barbarum||2012-03-31 00:00:00||240 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||7||Plant prefers full sun and fast-drying soils. High desert conditions are quite conducive. Goji plants are drought-tolerant.
Seeds lose viability when removed from fruit. Soak dried berries in water overnight and remove the seeds from the softened fruits in the morning and plant them. Use a sandy potting soil medium. Sow the seeds just beneath the surface, tamp in, and keep in strong light. Water well to start, but back off on watering after germination, which occurrs in 1 to 2 weeks. Pot up seedlings and plant out to the landscape only after they are well-established.
Grow in greenhouse for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer. Pinch out the shoot tips of the young plants in order to encourage bushy growth.
Cuttings: half-ripe wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel if possible, July/August in individual pots in a frame. Good percentage. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, autumn to late winter in a cold frame. High percentage.
Division of suckers in late winter. Very easy, the suckers can be planted out direct into their permanent positions.
An easily grown plant, it does not require a rich soil, flowering and fruiting better in a well-drained soil of moderate quality. Succeeds in impoverished soils, but more fertile soils are best if the plant is being grown for its edible young shoots.
Requires a sunny position. Tolerates maritime exposure. There are some named varieties, selected for their ornamental value.Plants are very tolerant of pruning and can regrow from old wood. Any trimming is best carried out in the spring. Plants produce suckers freely and can become invasive when in a suitable position. Otherwise they can be difficult to establish.
|730||Native to Northern China. Viney, likes something to grow on. Will spread on ground.||sun or partial shade||well drained||poor||300 each||Goji berries are used fresh, juiced or (more commonly) dried and used like raisins.
They are a yin tonic, immune enhancing, and excellent for the overall health.
There is much confusion over the naming of this species. Most, if not all, of the plants being grown as L. chinense or L. europaeum are in fact this species.
Fruit: edible raw or cooked. The fruit is a berry about 2cm in diameter. A mild sweet liquorice flavour. Only the fully ripe fruits should be eaten.
Young shoots: edible cooked. Used mainly as a flavouring, they can also be lightly cooked for 3 - 4 minutes and used as a vegetable, the flavour is somewhat cress-like but has also been described as peppermint-like.
Leaves: wilt rapidly once they have been harvested; used as a tea substitute.
A sweet tonic decoction made from the fruits is used to lower blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. It acts mainly on the liver and kidneys. The fruit is taken internally in the treatment of high blood pressure, diabetes, poor eyesight, vertigo, lumbago, impotence and menopausal complaints.
The fruit is harvested when fully ripe and is dried for later use.
The root bark is a bitter, cooling, antibacterial herb that controls coughs and lowers fevers, blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels. It is taken internally in the treatment of chronic fevers, internal haemorrhages, nosebleeds, tuberculosis, coughs, asthma etc. It is applied externally to treat genital itching. The bark is harvested in the winter and dried for later use.
The plant has a long history of medicinal use, both as a general, energy restoring tonic and also to cure a wide range of ailments from skin rashes and eyesight problems to diabetes. A tonic tea is made from the leaves.The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers.
|Vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E||Antibacterial, Anticholesterolemic, Antipyretic, Beverage, Cancer, Diuretic, Food, Hedge, Hypoglycaemic, Ophthalmic, Purgative, Skin, Soil stabilization, Tonic, Vasodilator|
|33||Goldenberry, Peruvian; Giant Groundcherry; Topotopo||Solanaceae||Physalis peruviana||2012-04-01 00:00:00||240 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||Sow in spring in pots and transplant. In temperate US, start early and cultivate as per tomatoes.
Germination usually takes place quickly and freely. Diurnal temperature fluctuations assist germination. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots of fairly rich soil when they are large enough to handle and plant them out after the last expected frosts. Consider giving them some protection such as a cloche until they are growing away well.Division: in spring. This is best done without digging up the plant. Remove young shoots that are growing out from the side of the clump, making sure that some of the below ground shoot is also removed. It is best if this has some roots on, but the shoot should form new roots fairly quickly if it is potted up and kept for a few weeks in a shady but humid part of the greenhouse.
|Plant prospers in rich soils, but actually produces more fruit in marginal soils. Excellent crop for the tropics, where ongoing high yields provide refreshing fruit and nutrition -- much yield for little effort.||sun or partial shade||well drained||poor||100 each||Short-lived perennial. Native to the Andes -- a cultivated crop since Incan times. We are currently growing a select cultivar that is quick to produce myriads of light colored fruits. Nutritious fruit occurs in a decorative (purple streaked) inflated calyx.
Fruit is loaded with vitamin A, C and B. Contains unusually high levels of pectin and phosphorous. Fruit very sweet, like candy, a cross between cherry tomato and bing cherry, with a hint of cinnamon. I have seen a 3-year-old and a 5-year-old child in a patch of Goldenberry harvesting for personal use for an unbelievably long time period exceeding 5 minutes, stuffing mouths, stuffing pockets, and leaving a trail of husks behind them as they went.
Fruit: edible raw or cooked in pies, cakes, jellies, compotes, jams etc. A delicious bitter-sweet flavour, it has smaller but sweeter fruits than the cultivar 'Edulis'.
The dried fruit can be used as a raisin substitute, though it is not so sweet.
The plant conveniently wraps up each fruit in its own 'paper bag' (botanically, the calyx) to protect it from pests and the elements. This calyx is toxic and should not be eaten.
The fruit is rich in vitamin A (3000 I.U. of carotene per 100g), vitamin C and some of the B complex (thiamine, niacin and B12).
The protein and phosphorus levels are exceptionally high for a fruit. The fruit is a berry about 2cm in diameter.The dried fruit is said to be a substitute for yeast. If picked carefully with the calyx intact, the fruit can be stored for 3 months or more.
|Niacin, Phosphorous, Protein, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), Vitamin C||Diuretic, Food, Vermifuge|
|195||Ground cherry||Solanaceae||Physalis pubescens||0 each||Food|
|57||Pepper, African Bird; Pilipili Hoho; Pilipili Kichaa; African Bird Peppers; Birdseye Pepper; Pequin; Piquin; Penguin||Solanaceae||Capsicum frutescens||8||Start indoors 40 to 50 days prior to the last frost. Thin seedlings to at least 2 inches apart in the flat. Transplant out to garden after the soil has really warmed up. We grow ours in a cloche even in the summer, as cold nights can set them back. The best compost for peppers is higher in phosphorous than nitrogen. Kelp is well-tolerated and makes for outrageous yields.||170||Peppers prefer a scanty, even water supply, good drainage, full sun, and a long, hot summer. Excellent choice for greenhouse pepper growers or folks growing peppers in the South or Gulf States, as well as in the tropics.||full sun||well drained||180,000 Scoville Heat Units. Perennial bush pepper. 170 days to maturity, best yields in the second year. These are grown by us on our farm here in Southern Oregon, the culmination of a long learning in the subject of African peppers. The plant itself is comely, 4 feet tall and with a flat top, leaves light green. Peppers are tiny, fiery hot, thin-skinned and easily dried, green at first, turning bright red at maturity (see pictures).
One of the primary reasons for my last trip to Zanzibar was to find a reputable and viable source of "bird peppers." These peppers find their way into local cuisine, to flavor samosas and curries, and they are used worldwide for making sauces, vinegars and medicinal compounds. The flavor is citrusy, smoky, and nutty (if you can get past the incredible hotness of them). Clearly, one way to get past the hotness and appreciate these peppers is to use them sparingly in cuisine -- a little goes a long way!Medicinally, bird peppers are potently anticarcinogenic, warming, carminative, digestive, and stimulating. Tiny, fiery hot, thin-skinned and easily dried.
|Carminative, Ornamental, Seasoning, Stimulant|
|58||Pepper, Criolla Sella||Solanaceae||Capsicum baccatum||2012-04-05 00:00:00||54 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||8||Easy to germ in cool soils.||Criolla Sella is highly adaptable to northern temperate gardens and resistant to viral pathogens.||50 each||The plants are short and sturdy, studded copiously with the golden-orange, thin-skinned peppers. These are not too hot, and they have a very citrusy taste. We eat them fresh, squeezed between the layers that make up our summer sandwiches, cut them into salsa, or dry and grind them up into chili powder. Since Criolla matures before other peppers, even here in our mountain farm where the nights are cool, we prefer this variety over all others. Besides, the taste is phenomenal and the heat units are low enough to allow consumption of many without after effects except perhaps a warm glow down below!||Food, Seasoning|
|59||Pepper, Jalapeno||Solanaceae||Capsicum annuum||2012-04-01 00:00:00||190 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||8||0 each||Jalapenos are easy to grow and the load of fruit on the compact bushes is really a bit absurdly large for the size of the plant. The word "overloaded" comes to mind. The fruits are thick-skinned and blunt, fat even, and are best used for pickling and for making chile. They are pretty hot, but not fiery hot. They can be harvested green or allowed to ripen to a bright red.||Food, Seasoning|
|319||Pepper, Mini Apple Hybrid||Solanaceae||Capsicum annuum||2013-04-19 00:00:00||20 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||8||full sun|
|101||Pepper, Sweet Apple||Solanaceae||Capsicum annuum||2012-03-30 00:00:00||400 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||8||full sun||25 each||These chunky peppers are sweet and delicious, also easy to grow. An heirloom from Hungary, Sweet Apple Pepper loves hot weather, but will still produce if the summer turns cool. Fat round fruits are good for eating right off the bush, even when young and pale. They're superb in the skillet as they redden up and ripen. Bushy plants grow 2' to 3' tall, are very productive and not fussy. Seeds are very hard to find outside Hungary.||Food|
|261||Pepper, Xiao-mi-la; Chinese Chile Pepper||Solanaceae||Capsicum frutescens||2012-04-05 00:00:00||28 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||8||Start peppers indoors about 6 weeks before planting outdoors. Don't let the seedlings crowd -- thin to the best individuals and work them up in pots for maximum size at transplant. When they get about a foot tall, stake them so they don't fall over. But these are pretty stout and staking is not a big deal. Peppers like frequent, shallow watering and they do well with compost and especially seaweed applications such as kelp. Very fast-draining soils are preferred, and full sun of course. Wait until they go red to harvest them, then dry slowly on a screen, turning daily. After they are fully dry, you can grind them up or put them in a jar for later use.||120||full sun||well drained||rich||50 each||Scoville ~90,000 Open-pollinated cultivar. Matures in 120 days. I remember sweating in a restaurant in Kunming, as every dish was garnished or imbedded with chilis that looked just like these. This is probably the most popular chili to use in Chinese cuisine, as it is smallish (a little smaller than a cayenne), pleasantly hot, very very red, easy to grow. The bush is stout and small-leaved, giving rise to upright clusters, fingerlike, blunt, of peppers, not curved, resplendent, prettier than an emperor and tasty. I found these to be quite tolerant of our cold nights and very high yielding -- we'll have peppers galore this winter. Or pepper skins, to be exact. The seeds are now dried and they are a very rich yellow, 100% organic from our farm to your's. May the peppers garland your tables in yummy warmness.||Food, Seasoning|
|98||Potato||Solanaceae||Solanum tuberosum||Potatoes are tolerant of cool soils and moderate frosts. Minimum soil temperature at planting time should be 6°C (43°F). Plants will emerge about 2-3 weeks after planting. Set tubers approximately 7-10cm (3-4") deep, and 30cm (12") apart in prepared trenches spaced 60cm (24") apart.||Ideal pH: 5.5-6.5. Well-drained, loamy soil rich in organic matter is preferred, but potatoes are not overly fussy. If heavy clay or clay/loam soils are used, double-digging and improving organic matter content by growing cover crops or adding compost or manure can correct drainage problems. Do not lime areas planned for potatoes. When the above-ground portion of the plant is 30cm (12") tall, "hill up" soil 15cm (6") around the plants. It's okay to cover green leaves. Straw or grass mulch also works well. This process can be repeated up two or three times. It is recommended that no irrigation take place between planting and sprout emergence in order to avoid disease. It is important, though, not to let the soil become too dry, and to irrigate while plants are flowering.||full sun||well drained||rich||500 grams||West Coast Seeds mixed assortment. Perfect for the small garden - or even the patio potato grower - and new for 2010, our 500g Mixed Assortment of CERTIFIED ORGANIC seed potatoes offers several different varieties in one convenient package. Seed potatoes produce approximately ten times their own weight for each one planted. This Mixed Assortment includes Sieglinde, Chieftan, Yukon Gold, Russian Blue, and Russian Banana Fingerlings. This assortment is subject to availability.
Potatoes are important to the self-sufficient gardener and the gourmet gardener. Easy to grow, highly nutritious and there is a variety for every use in the kitchen. Some are for baking, some are for salads, some for French fries. You should try them all!
"New" potatoes can be harvested about 7-8 weeks after planting. Potatoes grown for late summer and fall "fresh" use can be dug when tubers are full size or when foliage begins to die. For potatoes grown for storage and winter use, harvest should take place after vines have died back, alternatively, the plants may have to be cut or mown. After killing and removing the plants, tubers should stay in the ground for another 2 weeks to allow firming of their skins for storage. Optimum storage conditions are a dark location 4-7º C (40-45ºF) and 90% relative humidity. Paper sacks stored in a garage will suffice. Check them often though to remove any that are starting to go soft.
Late blight (Phytopthera infestans) is problematic, especially on the Coast. Symptoms appear as water-soaked gray spots on tips and margins of leaves, leaf axils, and on stems. Even if nothing shows on the leaves, late blight makes black spots under the skin of the tuber. Left unchecked, it will destroy the plant. Copper spray is effective if applied regularly through the growing season, including drenching the soil. The most important step to avoiding disease is to establish a vigorous and healthy crop; this can be accomplished by using disease free seed, planting in rich soil, avoiding pre-emergence irrigation and watering carefully once the crop emerges.
The most common pests to bother your potatoes on the coast are wireworms (especially in gardens recently taken out of grass).
Wireworms are the larvae form of a very slender black beetle known as the Click Beetle because if you turn one over, when it goes to right itself, it makes a "Click!" sound. The beetle lays its eggs in grass, and the larvae eat in our gardens. They burrow into the roots, seeds, and underground stems of tomatoes, corn, potatoes, peppers, and squash. The damage is worse on land that has been recently been converted from lawn to garden. The larvae themselves are crisp, golden, up to 1cm long and can live for up to 7 years in the soil.If your seeds don't appear to sprout, or the plants wilt and die suddenly, your soil may have wireworms. An irregular pattern of plants dying in a field is typical of wireworm damage. To find out if you have wireworms before you start planting, create bait made of carrot and potato pieces. Bury the bait in 10cm of soil, and mark it with a stick. Dig it up in 3 or 4 days. If there are more than 1 or 2 wireworms per bait, you have a problem. They are difficult to control but regular cultivation of the top 10cm of the soil, as well as trapping them on pieces of potato, and crop rotation will slow the damage. Digging in an overwintered Cole crop can also be effective. Predatory nematodes work also.
|217||Tomatillo, Toma Verde||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||0 each||Food|
|218||Tomato, Alicante||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2012-04-03 00:00:00||165 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||full sun||0 each||Food|
|318||Tomato, Bearo Medium||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-04-19 00:00:00||36 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||Start indoors in a warm location 8-10 weeks before setting out. Sow seeds in flats or pots of prepared mix, ¾" deep and 2" apart. Keep soil moist but not soggy and provide a strong light source as soon as seedlings appear. Transplant when seedlings have 2-3 sets of true leaves into individual pots or deep flats. Acclimate seedlings gradually to outdoor conditions when summery weather prevails, then set out 2-3 feet apart in rich, well-drained soil.||90||full sun||well drained||rich||Rare, mid-to-late season producer of oval, ruddy, red small fruit. Very regular shape. Semi-determinate. Famous for disease resistance. From Salt Spring Seeds.|
|219||Tomato, Beefsteak||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||75 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||90||full sun||moist||160 each||Organic. Vigorous intermediate vines with bright juicy fruit averaging 10 ounces. Excellent slicer. Matures in 90 days||Food|
|296||Tomato, Cherokee Purple||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon lycopersicum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||15 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||Start seeds indoors eight weeks before last frost. Transplant after danger of frost has passed, 30-45 cm apart, indeterminate. Will need to be staked.||90||full sun||rich||Urban Harvest heritage organic. "This plant produces good sized flattened and slightly pleated fruit with an orange/brown to chestnut colour. Great tart flavour! Good for cooking, salsas, sauces, and raw."|
|312||Tomato, Cherry, Black Crim||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon lycopersicum||2013-04-26 00:00:00||59 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||Start seeds indoors eight weeks before last frost. Transplant after danger of frost has passed, 30-45 cm apart, indeterminate. Will need to be staked.||90||full sun||rich||Food|
|221||Tomato, Cherry, Sweetie||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||161 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||75||Soil temperature must be at least 21°C.||full sun||0 each||(West Coast Seeds) A flavourful early red cherry tomato, Sweetie forms crack-resistant, firm 2-3 cm fruit. Sweet, juicy clusters are produced all summer on this reliable vine.
Timing: start transplanting indoor March-April
Seeding: In a sterile seed starter mix, sow seeds 1cm deep in individual pots. Soil temperature must be at least 21 degrees. Pot up into larger pots as needed.
Growing: To reduce legginess, provide strong light very close to the seedlings, and use gradually exposing to the weather, then transplant cold hardy varieties in mid-late April, and main season types in mid-late May on the Coast.Seed specs: Canada #1 germination standard 75%. Usual seed life: 3 years.
|299||Tomato, Earlianna||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||105 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||Sow indoors 6-7 weeks before last frost ½ cm deep. Transplant 60 cm apart in rows 90 cm apart.||65||NULL||full sun||Home Hardware seeds from 2005.|
|220||Tomato, Oregon Spring||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2012-04-04 00:00:00||92 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||full sun||0 each||Food|
|222||Tomato, Paste||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||138 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||full sun||0 each||Seedy Saturday 2010||Food|
|297||Tomato, Sicilian Saucer (beefsteak)||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||30 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||90||full sun||well drained||rich||Organic. Vigorous intermediate vines with bright juicy fruit averaging 10 ounces. Excellent slicer. Matures in 90 days|
|298||Tomato, Speckled Roman (paste)||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||15 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||full sun||Full Circle Seeds: "You won't ever see another Italian paste type tomato like this one! Stunning & unique, long pointed red fruit have wavy golden stripes! A mid-sized fruit, very meaty flesh with sweet flavour. They haev very few seeds. Developed from a cross of Antique Roman and Banana Leggs. Indeterminate."|
|313||Tomato, Sub-Arctic Plenty||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-04-15 00:00:00||240 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||full sun|
|295||Tomato, Victoria Medium||Solanaceae||Lycopersicon esculentum||2013-03-27 00:00:00||15 each seeds in 8cc blocks||plant||6||full sun||Salt Spring Seeds|
|73||Tree Tomato; Red Fruited Tree Tomato; Tamarillo; Tomate de Arbol||Solanaceae||Cyphomandra betacea||28||Sow seeds anytime in pots or flats and keep very warm, moist and in the light. Germination occurs just about one day later than the day that you say "I guess these are never going to come up." That day is around day 30 or so. If you're used to growing tomatoes from seed then the culture for Cyphomandra is very similar except for the fact that it takes the seeds three times longer to come up, and what you get is quite a lot larger and potentially much more permanent than a tomato plant.
Seed: sow spring in a greenhouse. The seed usually germinates within 4 weeks at 15°c, within 2 weeks at 25°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.
Cuttings of greenwood in a frame.
Succeeds in a sunny position in any well-drained soil. Prefers a light fertile soil. Dislikes drought. Plants are very prone to wind damage.
They fruit best with a temperature range of 16 - 22°c in the growing season.
The tree tomato is cultivated for its edible fruit in sub-tropical and tropical zones, there are some named varieties. Grow in pot outdoors in the summer and bring in for the winter. It requires a minimum winter temperature of 10°c for best fruit production but it is hardy to about -2°c.
Trees produce about 20 kg of fruit a year, yields of 15 - 17 tonnes per hectare are achieved in New Zealand. Plants are probably insensitive to day-length.
Very fast growing, it starts to fruit within two years from seed and reaches peak production in 3 - 4 years. Trees are, however, short-lived - the life of a commercial plantation is about 8 years.
This species does not hybridize easily with other members of the genus.Plants have a shallow spreading root system and resent surface hoeing, they are best given a good mulch. Plants usually ripen their fruit over a period of time, though pruning methods can be used to produce a peak time of fruiting. The leaves have a pungent smell. Plants are subject to attacks by red spider mites.
|Happiest above 15C, good indoors.||sun or partial shade||well drained||loam||10 each||Subtropical evergreen shrub to small tree, native to the Andes where it grows at elevations between 5 and 10,000 feet. The tree is most comfortable at temperatures above 50 degrees F but able to withstand a quick frost down to 28 degrees F. Tamarillos are fast growing and short-lived. They are shallow-rooted and their wood is quite brittle, so they do best when protected from wind. Their branches need support when the fruit weighs heavy. This curious tree can be grown in a container on a sunny porch, and is a reasonable choice for outdoor culture in S. Cal, the Gulf Coast and FL.
The tasty red fruits are high in vitamin A, B6, C, E and iron. Tamarillos prefer part sun and a thin surface mulch to keep the soil always a bit moist. The fruits are pendulous and as large as a paste tomato. They taste to me like a combination between kiwi and tomato. They are quite good.Edible fruit, raw or cooked. The flavour can vary considerably from tree to tree, the best forms are juicy and sub-acid, they are eaten out of hand, added to salads, used in preserves, jams, jellies etc. The fruit contains about 150 IU vitamin A per 100g, 25mg vitamin C, it is rich in vitamin E and iron but low in carbohydrate. Fruits are 4 - 10cm long and 3 - 5cm wide.
|Iron, Vitamin A, Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), Vitamin C, Vitamin E||Food|
You can search for all plants that
- are in a particular family
- Agavaceae, Aizoaceae, Alliaceae, Amaranthaceae, Anacardiaceae, Apiaceae, Apocynaceae, Araliaceae, Asteraceae, Boraginaceae, Brassicaceae, Campanulaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Caryophyllaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Crassulaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Elaeagnaceae, Ephedraceae, Ericaceae, Fabaceae, Fagaceae, Hamamelidaceae, Hyacinthaceae, Hypericaceae, Lamiaceae, Lythraceae, Malvaceae, Myricaceae, Onagraceae, Papaveraceae, Poaceae, Polygonaceae, Ranunculaceae, Rosaceae, Rubiaceae, Saururaceae, Schisandraceae, Scrophulariaceae, Solanaceae, Tropaeolaceae, Valerianaceae, Verbenaceae, Vitaceae
- have a specific use
- Adaptogen, Alterative, Analgesic, Anaphrodisiac, Anodyne, Anthelmintic, Antibacterial, Anticholesterolemic, Antidepressant, Antidermatosic, Antiecchymotic, Antiemetic, Antifungal, Antiinflammatory, Antiperiodic, Antiphlogistic, Antipruritic, Antipyretic, Antirheumatic, Antiscorbutic, Antiscrophulatic, Antiseptic, Antispasmodic, Antitumor, Antitussive, Aperient, Aphrodisiac, Appetizer, Aromatherapy, Astringent, Basketry, Beads, Beverage, Bitter, Bronchiodilator, Cancer, Cardiac, Cardiotonic, Carminative, Cathartic, Charcoal, Cholagogue, Compost, Cosmetic, Curdling agent, Demulcent, Deobstruent, Depurative, Detergent, Diaphoretic, Digestive, Diuretic, Dye, Emetic, Emmenagogue, Emollient, Essential, Expectorant, Febrifuge, Fibre, Flavouring, Food, Forage, Fragrance, Fuel, Fungicide, Galactogogue, Green manure, Haemostatic, Hedge, Hepatic, Homeopathy, Hypnotic, Hypoglycaemic, Hypotensive, Immunostimulant, Infertility, Insect Repellant, Insectiary, Insecticide, Kidney, Latex, Laxative, Lithontripic, Litmus, Mordant, Mouthwash, Mulch, Narcotic, Nervine, Nutritive, Oil, Oneirogen, Ophthalmic, Ornamental, Parasiticide, Pectoral, Pioneer, Pipes, Pollution, Poultice, Purgative, Refrigerant, Rubefacient, Sacrificial, Salve, Seasoning, Sedative, Shelterbelt, Sialagogue, Skin, Soil stabilization, Sternutatory, Stimulant, Stings, Stomachic, Strewing, Stuffing, Sweetening, Tannin, TB, Tonic, Uterine tonic, Vasodilator, Vermifuge, Veterinary, Vulnerary, Warts, Waterproofing, Wood
- are sensitive to a particular nutrient
- Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Zinc
- supplies a particular nutrient (dynamic accumulator)
- Antioxidants, Boron, Calcium, Carbohydrate, Chromium, Copper, Fat, Fat: Omega-3, Fibre: Non-Soluble, Folate, Iodine, Iron, Lycopene, Magnesium, Manganese, Niacin, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Potassium, Protein, Silica, Sulfur, Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin B1 (thiamine), Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin), Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Zinc
Share your opinion
blog comments powered by Disqus